It’s time to know about the bitter truth behind the fertility rates in India, of course, many of us don’t even think of it. Why because from decades Government of India has come with a slogan of family planning due to the increased population in the country? But the fact at this present age is 1 out of 4 people during the reproductive age are facing infertility problem either male or female, there is no matter of gender difference. Though we are on a plan to reduce or limit the population it should not take away the hope of a couple who are in need of having a child as a branch of their family. In 2018, if you take the statistics of fertility rates in India, it opens a threaded fact of many infertility problems facing the couple in every family. If this situation continues then India may become another Germany & Japan which has dwindling fertility rates.
Fertility Statistics in India and the causes behind the Infertility problems:
If you take the closer look at this issue, you can notice that 22 to 30 million couple in India is facing with lifetime Infertility problem during the Reproductive Age. And the bitterest fact is 40-50% of the cases are attributed to the Women. And the rest percentage is carried out by men. Most acceptable fact is, the infertility rate of Men is on the rise every passing year. And what are the factors that affect the fertility of the Male can be answered below?
Higher use of Contraceptives:
It can be noticed that the Total fertility rate in India has come down from 3.90 in 90’s to 2.2 in 2017 and also it will be declined to 2.1 in 2020 and above years. This is due to high use of Contraceptives and late marital status in women as well as men. And it is an expected fact that there will be the rise in infertility rate in upcoming years.
A study gives a strong representation that percentage of women suffering from different health issues has been increased and these reasons lead to infertility. 1 out 8 Women are facing PCOS as a common problem in this world and when it comes to Indian women, 3.7 to 22.5 percentage women were suffering it as a common health issue. About 18 percent women were suffering from Endometrial Tuberculosis and the most common increased medical reason is Obesity which is drastically increased from 10.6% in 1998 to 24.7 in 2014 and Sexually transmitted diseases.
For men, the causes that count the fertility level is Tobacco consumption which leads to low sperm count, abnormal morphology & altered motility, High estrogen and low testosterone levels.
Alcohol is another reason for an increase of leukocyte count in seminal fluid, reduced quality of semen, FSH, LH Levels will be noticed.
Another recent study done by Cleveland Clinic Foundation of Ohio (the US) has concluded that use of cell phones will cause reduced sperm count and quality less semen. Keeping in the lower halves of the body over 4 hours daily will lead to the damage of DNA impairing the fertility in Men.
Almost all the studies conclude that lifestyle of the people has an adverse effect on fertility. And the intensified lifestyle risk factors might lead to an increased prevalence of Infertility in women. This is not only for women also same reflects men also, with the regional estimation of about 20 to 30 percentage.
It is really a surprising thing in India having higher infertility rate but recording lower treatment rates. While 27.5 million couple were facing infertile problem but only 1 percentage approx.2, 70,000 are coming forward for check-ups and treatment, of them around 65,000 are prescribed and opt for IVF.
The infertility society is heavily fragmented with very few people coming forward and performing over 1000 cycles in a year and the very surprising fact is 50% of cycles are performed in the top 8 metros (Hyderabad, Delhi-NCR, Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Chennai. Kolkata, Bangalore & Pune) which indicate that access to IVF is skewed geographically; this shows that facilities for the IVF treatment are not available throughout India but still able to easily accessible at metros.
What restricts the people not to take the treatment?
On the off chance that Treatment is accessible, what limits its entrance? Here are some of them:
Lessened Affordability: Though the cost of IVF treatment in India is 3 to 4 times bring down when contrasted with the US, yet individuals can’t manage the cost of it on account of a large portion of the couples needing treatment fall in the lower pay gathering. Moreover, protection programs, regardless of whether open or private don’t take care of barrenness treatment expense.
Absence of Access: In India, both IVF pros and analytic offices are less in number. Despite the fact that there are senior IVF masters, their image convenience is restricted to a specific district. In addition, particular, marked IVF chains are constrained. Thus, a few specialists might be prepared to broaden their treatment offices past their district yet that does not stretch out past 3-4 urban communities and the quantity of cycles additionally does not go past 75-80/month.
Constrained Awareness:In India, socially it is essential to tolerate kids; the requirement for parenthood is the most astounding yet, numerous couples don’t speculate that they have infertility issues when they ought to really be under treatment. Once more, however, there are numerous couples prepared to go in for treatment, attention to ART (Assisted Reproductive Techniques) is still at an incipient stage. More familiarity with the brands should be created to empower couples looking for treatment.
Things to avoid Fertility problems:
1) Maintain Healthy diet
2) Reduce Caffeine
3) Stop Smoking
4) Quiet alcohol
5) Reduce weight
6) Safe Sex
7) Avoid Radiation causing devices like Mobiles etc.